Can mindfulness be taught to patients with brain injuries, who often have problems with attention? One study showed that not only could it be taught, but it actually helped with attention.
A pilot study examining the effect of a modified Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on symptoms of chronic mild traumatic brain injury/concussive syndrome found that the intervention improved working memory and regulation of attention.
A ten week group was given two hourly sessions modelled after the traditional (MBSR) but with modifications to suit patients with brain injury. The study also showed improved self efficacy and quality of life in individuals with brain injury.
(1) J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2013 Jul-Aug;28(4):323-31. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e318250ebda. A pilot study examining the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction on symptoms of chronic mild traumatic brain injury/postconcussive syndrome. Azulay J, Smart CM, Mott T, Cicerone KD.